People with diabetes have elevated blood glucose (sugar) levels, which damage the body over time if left untreated.
About 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1. Type 1 diabetes is an ‘auto-immune’ disease, meaning that the body attacks its own insulin producing cells, i.e. the beta-cells, in the pancreas. As a result, the pancreas does not produce any or produces too little insulin, resulting in elevated blood glucose levels.
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but most often starts in childhood at 7-12 years of age.